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ABC Model Practice Act

January 2015

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Section 3. Definitions

As used in this Act:

 1. “ABC” means the American Board for Certification in Orthotics, Prosthetics and Pedorthics or its successor.

 2. "Act" means the (State’s name) Orthotics, Prosthetics and Pedorthics Practice Act

 3. "Agency" means the Department of Professional Regulation (or other State agency which oversees Health Professions).

 4. “Assistant” means a person who is educated and trained to participate in comprehensive orthotic and/or prosthetic care while under the supervision of a licensed orthotist and/or licensed prosthetist. Assistants may perform orthotic and/or prosthetic procedures and related tasks in the management of patient care. The assistant may also fabricate, repair and maintain orthoses and prostheses.

 5. “Board” means the Board of Orthotics, Prosthetics and Pedorthics.

 6. “CAAHEP means the Commission on Accreditation of Allied Health Education Programs or its successor.

 7. “Custom fabricated device” means an orthosis, prosthesis or pedorthic device fabricated to comprehensive measurements and/or a mold or patient model for use by a patient in accordance with a prescription and which requires clinical and technical judgment in its design, fabrication and fitting.

 8. “Custom fitted device” means a prefabricated orthosis or pedorthic device sized or modified for use by the patient in accordance with a prescription and which requires clinical and technical judgment and substantive alteration in its design.

 9. “Department” means the Department of Professional Regulation.

 10. “Director” means the Director of Professional Regulation.

 11. “Facility” means the physical location where orthotic, prosthetic and/or pedorthic care is provided.  In the case of an orthotic, prosthetic and/or pedorthic facility, it has the appropriate clinical and laboratory space and equipment to support the level of comprehensive orthotic, prosthetic or pedorthic care provided. Licensed orthotists, prosthetists and/or pedorthists must be available to either provide care or supervise the provision of care.

 12. “Licensed assistant” means a person licensed under this Act to perform duties as described by the Board.

 13. “Licensed orthotic fitter” means a person licensed under this Act to perform duties as described by the Board.

 14. “Licensed orthotist” means a person licensed under this Act to practice orthotics and who represents himself or herself to the public by title or description of services that includes the term “orthosis,” “orthotist,” “brace” or a similar title or description of services.

 15. “Licensed mastectomy fitter” means a person licensed under this Act to perform duties as described by the Board.

 16. “Licensed pedorthist” means a person licensed under this Act to practice pedorthics and who represents himself or herself to the public by the title or description of services that include the term “pedorthic device", “pedorthist” or a similar title or description of services.

 17. “Licensed physician” means a person licensed under the state Medical Practice Act.

 18. “Licensed podiatrist” means a person licensed under the state Podiatric Medical Practice Act.

 19. “Licensed prosthetist” means a person licensed under this Act to practice prosthetics and who represents himself or herself to the public by title or description of services that includes the term “prosthesis,” “prosthetist,” “artificial limb” or a similar title or description of services.

  20. “Licensed prosthetist/orthotist” means a person licensed under this Act to practice prosthetics and orthotics and who represents himself or herself to the public by title or description of services that includes the terms “prosthesis,” “prosthetist,” “artificial limb” as well as “orthosis,” “orthotist,” “brace” or a similar title or description of services.

 21. “Licensed technician” means a person licensed under this Act to perform duties as described by the Board.

 22. “Licensed therapeutic shoe fitter” means a person licensed under this Act to perform duties as described by the Board.

 23. “Mastectomy fitter” means a healthcare professional who is specifically educated and trained in the provision of breast prostheses and post-mastectomy items and services. This includes patient assessment, formulation of a treatment plan, implementation of the treatment plan, follow-up and practice management.

 24. “NCOPE” means the National Commission on Orthotic and Prosthetic Education or its successor.

 25. “Off-the-shelf device” means a prefabricated device sized and/or modified for use by the patient themselves in accordance with a prescription and which does not require substantial clinical judgment and substantive alteration for appropriate use.

 26. “Orthosis” means a custom designed, custom fabricated, custom fitted, prefabricated and/or modified device to treat a neuromuscular or musculoskeletal disorder or acquired condition. “Orthosis” does not include items that are sold as “over-the-counter” items as defined in this section.

 27. “Orthotic fitter” means a healthcare professional who is specifically educated and trained in the provision of certain orthoses. This includes patient assessment, formulation of a treatment plan, implementation of the treatment plan, follow-up treatment plan and practice management.  An orthotic fitter is competent to practice orthotics within a scope of practice that is specific to fitting certain custom fitted, prefabricated and off-the-shelf orthoses as described below:

(A)   Cervical orthoses, except those used to treat an unstable cervical condition;

(B)   Prefabricated orthoses for the upper and lower extremities except for the following:

  • those used in the initial and/or acute treatment of long bone fractures and dislocations,
  • therapeutic (diabetic) shoes/inserts, and
  • functional electrical stimulation orthoses (e.g. myo-orthosis, neuroprosthesis);

(C)   Prefabricated spinal orthoses, except those used in the treatment of scoliosis or unstable spinal conditions, including halo cervical orthoses;

(D)   Pressure gradient garments; and

(E)   Trusses.

 28. “Orthotic and prosthetic education program” means an educational program accredited by CAAHEP, consisting of:

(A)   A basic curriculum of college level instruction in statistics, physics, biology, chemistry, anatomy and physiology, human growth and development and/or abnormal psychology; and

(B)   A specific curriculum of orthotic and/or prosthetic courses, including:

(i)             Lectures covering pertinent anatomy, biomechanics, pathomechanics,                                               prosthetic-orthotic components and materials; gait training; functional assessment;                     prosthetic or orthotic performance evaluation; prescription considerations; etiology of                   amputations and disease processes necessitating prosthetic and/or orthotic use;                         and medical management;

 (ii)            Subject matter related to pediatric, adult and geriatric interventions;

 (iii)          Instruction in acute care techniques, such as immediate and early post-surgical                             prosthetics and fracture management techniques; and

 (iv)           Lectures, demonstrations and laboratory experiences related to all of the domains of                   practice, including; patient assessment, formulation of the treatment plan,                                       implementation of the treatment plan, follow-up to the treatment plan and                                       practice management.

 29. “Orthotics” means the science and practice of evaluating, measuring, designing, fabricating, assembling, fitting, adjusting or servicing an orthosis or pedorthic device under an order from a prescribing healthcare professional for the correction or alleviation of neuromuscular or musculoskeletal dysfunction, disease, injury or deformity.

 30. “Orthotist” means a healthcare professional who is specifically educated and trained to manage comprehensive orthotic patient care. This includes patient assessment, formulation of a treatment plan, implementation of the treatment plan, follow-up to the treatment plan and practice management.

 31. “Over-the-counter item” means a prefabricated, mass-produced item that is prepackaged and requires no professional advice or judgment in either size selection or use.

 32. “Pedorthic device” means therapeutic shoes, shoe modifications made for therapeutic purposes, below the ankle partial foot prostheses and foot orthoses. It also includes subtalar-control foot orthoses designed to manage the function of the anatomy by controlling the range of motion of the subtalar joint. Excluding footwear, the proximal height of a custom pedorthic device does not extend beyond the junction of the gastrocnemius and the Achilles tendon. Pedorthic devices do not include non-therapeutic inlays or footwear, non-therapeutic over-the-counter shoes; or prefabricated foot care products. 

 33. “Pedorthic education program” means an educational program approved by NCOPE consisting of appropriate content in:

(A)   Human anatomy and physiology, biomechanics/kinesiology, gait analysis (normal and pathological gait) and clinical pathology as it relates to pedorthics; and    

(B)   A specific curriculum in pedorthic courses, including lectures covering shoes, foot orthoses and shoe modifications; pedorthic components and materials; training and functional capabilities; pedorthic performance evaluation; prescription considerations; etiology of disease processes necessitating use of pedorthic devices; medical management; subject matter related to pediatric, adult and geriatric pathologies; and lectures, demonstrations and laboratory experiences related to the entire process of measuring and casting, fitting, fabricating, aligning and completing pedorthic devices.

 34. “Pedorthics” means the science and practice of evaluating, measuring, designing, fabricating, assembling, fitting, adjusting or servicing a pedorthic device under an order from a prescribing healthcare professional for the correction or alleviation of neuromuscular or musculoskeletal dysfunction, disease, injury or deformity. The profession of pedorthics is the provision of patient care and services by or under the direction and supervision of a licensed pedorthist to provide the application of a pedorthic device for the prevention or amelioration of painful and/or disabling conditions of the foot and ankle. A prescription is required for any pedorthic device, modification and/or prefabricated below the knee orthosis addressing a medical condition that originates at the ankle or below.

  35. “Pedorthist” means a healthcare professional who is specifically educated and trained to manage comprehensive pedorthic patient care. This includes patient assessment, formulation of a treatment plan, implementation of the treatment plan, follow-up treatment plan and practice management. A pedorthist fits, fabricates, adjusts or modifies pedorthic devices which reflect his/her education.

 36. “Person” means a natural person.

 37. “Prosthesis” means a custom designed, fabricated, fitted and/or modified device to treat partial or total limb loss for purposes of restoring physiological function and/or cosmesis. Prosthesis does not include artificial eyes, ears, fingers or toes; dental appliances; and cosmetic devices that do not have a significant impact on the musculoskeletal functions of the body.

 38. “Prosthetics” means the science and practice of evaluating, measuring, designing, fabricating, assembling, fitting, adjusting or servicing a prosthesis under an order from a prescribing healthcare professional.

 39. “Prosthetist” means a healthcare professional who is specifically educated and trained to manage comprehensive prosthetic patient care. This includes patient assessment, formulation of a treatment plan, implementation of the treatment plan, follow-up to the treatment plan and practice management. 

 40. “Prosthetist/Orthotist” means a person who practices both disciplines of prosthetics and orthotics and who represents himself or herself to the public by title or by description of services.

 41. “Resident” means a person who has completed a CAAHEP accredited education program in orthotics and prosthetics and is obtaining his or her clinical training in a residency accredited by NCOPE.

 42. “Residency” means an NCOPE accredited program to acquire practical clinical training in orthotics and/or prosthetics in a patient care setting.

 43. “Scope of practice” means the procedures, actions and processes that are permitted for the licensed individual. The scope of practice is that which the profession or law allows, related to specific education, experience and demonstrated competency.

 44. “Supervision” means the act of critical observing and directing the work or tasks of another who may lack full knowledge of the concept at hand.

 45. “Supervisor” means the licensed orthotist, prosthetist, orthotist/prosthetist and/or pedorthist who oversees and is responsible for the delivery of appropriate, effective, ethical and safe orthotic, prosthetic and/or pedorthic patient care.

 46. “Technician” means a person who assists an orthotist, prosthetist, or prosthetist/orthotist by providing technical support. The technician fabricates, repairs and maintains orthoses and prostheses. The technician is proficient with current fabricating techniques, familiar with material properties and skilled in the use of appropriate equipment. 

 47. “Therapeutic shoe fitter” means a healthcare professional who is specifically educated and trained to provide non-custom therapeutic shoes and non-custom multi-density inserts. This includes patient assessment, formulation of a treatment plan, implementation of the treatment plan, follow-up treatment plan and practice management.